The name “Chipping” is derived from the Old English “ceping”, which means “a market”. The market developed near the bridge over Chipping Brook at the entrance to the vast Royal Forest of Bowland east of the village. This “Forest” was an area of ancient cattle farms, or “vaccaries”, owned by the crown after the Norman Conquest and managed by State officials. Timber and the Royal deer were protected by “Forest Law”, and in Leagram, adjacent to Chipping, a medieval deer park was created. The area passed into private ownership from the mid-
There were two fairs (markets) each year, on the first Tuesday after Easter and on St. Bartholomew’s day, August 24th. Cattle would be sold in the street. Farmers would take the opportunity of visiting the village shops, meeting tradesmen such as butchers and leather workers, and socialising in the alehouses. The last markets in Chipping were sheep sales, at the back of a local public house the Talbot, in the 1950s.
Chipping flourished industrially when the waterpower of the district was fully developed. By the mid 19th century, there were seven water-